The people were mentioned as Helsinger (which may mean "the people of the strait") for the first time in King Valdemar the Victorious's Liber Census Daniæ from 1231 (not to be confused with the Helsings of Hälsingland in Sweden).Placenames show that the Helsinger may have had their main fort at Helsingborg and a fortified landing place at Helsingør, to control the ferry route across the strait.The car ferry terminal is connected to the town's main railway station.
In the centre of the harbour basin stands the polished steel sculpture "Han" ("He") by artist duo Elmgreen and Dragset, commissioned by the City of Helsingør in 2012.All ships had to stop in Helsingør to get their cargo taxed and pay a toll to the Danish Crown, but it also generated a significant trade for the town.In 1672 Helsingør had grown into the third biggest town in Denmark.Feel the winds of history and take part in KMD IRONMAN 70.3 European Championship Elsinore.For the first time ever, the IRONMAN 70.3 European Championship will be held in Denmark and the historic city of Elsinore.
E dating Helsingør
A number of convents once surrounded the church, but now all that remains is the church building, today the cathedral of the Diocese of Helsingør.The oldest parts of the cathedral of Helsingør date back to the 13th century and tell us that the fishermen's village, as Helsingør was then, had grown to a town of importance.Helsingør as it is known today was founded in the 1420s by the Danish king Eric of Pomerania.He established the Sound Dues in 1429, meaning all foreign ships passing through the strait had to pay a toll, which constituted up to two-thirds of Denmark's state income.It was inaugurated by then Minister of culture, Uffe Elbæk, in June 2012.
It is seen as the counterpart (and even little brother) to Edvard Eriksen's world-famous The Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen, and has caused both praise and protests among locals.Besides the historical attractions of the site, William Shakespeare's play Hamlet is performed annually in its courtyard since 1937.There is a longstanding tradition of performing the play in English, and notable actors in the title role have included Laurence Olivier, John Gielgud, Christopher Plummer, Derek Jacobi, and in 2009 Jude Law.The Swedish city of Helsingborg lies a short distance across the Øresund from Helsingør, approximately 4 km (2 mi).European route E55 joins the two cities; ferries connect the two sides.