I wasn't always smart, I was actually very stupid in school ...
[T]here was a boy who was very attractive who was even stupider than I was.
These ideas influenced Foucault, who adopted Hyppolite's conviction that philosophy must develop through a study of history.
Rejecting his father's wishes that he become a surgeon, in 1945 Foucault went to Paris, where he enrolled in one of the country's most prestigious secondary schools, which was also known as the Lycée Henri-IV.Family tradition prescribed naming him after his father, Dr.Paul Foucault, but his mother insisted on the addition of "Michel"; referred to as "Paul" at school, throughout his life he always expressed a preference for "Michel".Biopolitics, Biopower, disciplinary institution, discourse analysis, discursive formation, dispositif, épistème, "genealogy", governmentality, heterotopia, limit-experience, power-knowledge, panopticism, subjectivation (assujettissement); born Paul-Michel Foucault, 15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions.
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He then undertook his first four years of secondary education at the same establishment, excelling in French, Greek, Latin and history but doing poorly at arithmetic and mathematics.In 1940 Foucault's mother enrolled him in the Collège Saint-Stanislas, a strict Roman Catholic institution run by the Jesuits.He also became active in a number of left-wing groups involved in anti-racist campaigns, anti-human rights abuses movements, and the struggle for penal reform.He went on to publish The Archaeology of Knowledge, Discipline and Punish, and The History of Sexuality.He remained largely unpopular, spending much time alone, reading voraciously.
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His fellow students noted his love of violence and the macabre; he decorated his bedroom with images of torture and war drawn during the Napoleonic Wars by Spanish artist Francisco Goya, and on one occasion chased a classmate with a dagger.After obtaining work between 19 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced The Birth of the Clinic and The Order of Things, publications which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, a theoretical movement in social anthropology from which he later distanced himself.These first three histories exemplified a historiographical technique Foucault was developing called "archaeology".Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels, preferring to present his thought as a critical history of modernity.His thought has been highly influential both for academic and for activist groups, especially those working within contemporary sociology, cultural studies, and critical theory.